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Meet the participants

3MT participants

We are pleased to introduce this year's Three MInute Thesis (3MT®) participants. All participants will present at the university's 3MT® heats on Tuesday, March 19. The top six will advance to the finals to be held on Wednesday, March 20 at 2:30 p.m.

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

  • Taylor Egan

    ProgramTaylor Egan

    Electrical and Computer Engineering (MASc)

    Supervisors

    Hossam Gaber, PhD and Ruth Milman, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Design and Control of Resilient Interconnected Microgrids for Reliable Mass Transit Systems

    The transportation sector accounts for 30 per cent of secondary energy use worldwide. This is largely due to a reliance every day to transport millions of passengers and bring billions of dollars worth of economic goods to the market. Mass transit systems play an important role in today’s world. An interruption to any mass transit system can have cascading effects on the economy and social livelihood. Electrified railway systems are dependent on the electric grid. The current electric grid is vulnerable to failures, such as extreme weather, changing supply and demand patterns and cyber-terrorism. Using a new proposed engineering design framework, the resilience of existing railway infrastructures can be improved with interconnected microgrids. The proposed design is accompanied with a hierarchical control system, which features a three-level, supervisory control scheme. Four case studies of railway infrastructures in Canada and the United Kingdom are used to validate the effectiveness of the proposed designs. The reduced dependence on the electric grid allows the railway infrastructure to sustain itself when the centralized electric grid is paralyzed. The methods, techniques and designs developed are all scalable and can perform within the framework of any available energy and mass transit system. The results are both extremely impressive and promising towards a more resilient and stable energy future for our railway and other critical infrastructures.

    ABOUT Taylor

    In 2016, I was a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Scholar and traveled to the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia to study the performance of solar technology in the tropical Malaysian climate. During my exchange, I explored Malaysia, Singapore and Japan.

  • Mohamed Nasser

    ProgramMohamed Nasser

    Electrical and Computer Engineering (MASc)

    Supervisors

    Langis Roy, PhD and Ying Wang, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    5G Communications

    5G wireless communication will be a major improvement to today's communication systems because of its ability to provide higher data rates, a reduction in response time, and improved connectivity and services in densely populated areas. Base stations will be able to be located closer together, because of the small frequency wavelengths and signal attenuation. Users of 5G communications systems should expect energy efficiency and service improvements, allowing them to stream high-quality videos and games instantly. Wireless communication transmitter and receiver systems are composed of different building blocks from antennas, filters, modulators, as well as low noise and power amplifiers. My research focuses on the antenna design part, specifically the design of wideband dual polarized antennas, given that a larger frequency bandwidth will be allocated for wireless communications once they move to sub-millimeter wave frequencies. These dual polarized antennas allow a single antenna element to simultaneously operate either as a transmitter or receiver, hence increasing the amount of data that can be transferred.

    ABOUT Mohamed

    I enjoy the outdoors.


Faculty of Health Sciences

  • Daniel Abdel-Malek

    ProgramDaniel Abdel sitting on a chair outside

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisor

    Nicholas La Delfa, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Can a period of familiarization improve ratings of perceived fatigue?

    Muscle fatigue is a known risk factor for developing workplace injury and work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Thus, it is among the goals of ergonomics to best quantify muscle fatigue in order to mitigate its negative effects. One widely known measure of muscle fatigue is an individual's subjective rating of fatigue, which can be obtained via verbal and visual scales. While still a novel measure, research has established its potential to accurately estimate fatigue levels and avoid adverse outcomes. Research has yet to explore the effect of feedback training on the accuracy of these subjective fatigue ratings. Should the familiarization of individuals with their own subjective fatigue ratings improve the predictive utility of this measure, it would equip society with a more powerful tool to mitigate fatigue-related workplace injuries.

    ABOUT Daniel

    Beside academia, I am an aspiring musician! To hear me serenade and strum the guitar, check out my Instagram @thelifeofdann.

  • Jackie Brown

    ProgramJackie Brown

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Community, Public and Population Health

    Supervisor

    JoAnne Arcand, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Foodbot Factory: The Making of a Gamified Nutrition Education Intervention

    Childhood and adolescence is a critical time period for developing healthy habits around food and nutrition. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions, particularly those that are gamified, are a promising and unique way to deliver public health nutrition education initiatives. However, few high-quality, evidence-based mobile apps exist to educate children on healthy eating. This research is part of a larger project, EduApps, which aims to create novel learning apps and tools to educate children in the classroom, including apps to educate children on nutrition. The Foodbot Factory interdisciplinary development team consists of educators, game developers and nutrition researchers to ensure that our app was informed by current nutrition research, educational pedagogy and most importantly, that the game was fun. Eight user-testing sessions were conducted with target users and data collected was utilized to improve the game. The team also partnered with Health Canada to ensure that the content of the app aligned with Canada's newly updated Food Guide. The final product, Foodbot Factory, is an engaging and educational game that can help users to improve their nutrition knowledge.

    About Jackie

    I am passionate about health and conducting research to improve nutrition outcomes for those in Canada and across the globe. When not working on my thesis, I enjoy reading, knitting, yoga, cooking and then eating!

  • Mikaeli Cavell

    Program

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisor

    Meghann Lloyd, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    The Introductory Parasport Experience

    My research project will investigate the experience of children with physical disabilities taking part in high quality introductory parasport. I will be interviewing children who have taken part in parasport to understand what the experience meant for them, how it affected their development and their relationship to physical activity. I will recruit school-aged children from local community programs that offer high quality parasport programming, and work alongside them and their parents to gain a deeper understanding of the personal meanings they assign to their time in parasport activities. Literature indicates that self-efficacy towards exercise can lead to greater participation and increased likelihood of achieving recommended daily exercise. There is also some indication that parasport and adapted physical activity programming may create an environment that allows for higher quality inclusion and participation that can help grow and nurture self-efficacy and personal self-concept. To better understand the role parasport plays in the development of self-efficacy, it is important to understand the perspectives of the participants that take part in those parasport programs. This research project will strive to understand the core of the introductory parasport experience and explore the depth of the perspectives of children with disabilities.

    ABOUT mikaeli

    I moved from Edmonton, Alberta to attend the University of Ontario Institute of Technology when I was 17 years old. I played for the varsity women's hockey team for five years while completing my undergraduate degree.

  • Leanne Elliott

    Program Image of 3MT participant, Leanne Elliott

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisor

    Meghann Lloyd, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Parents’ Perspectives of the Secondary Effects of an Early Motor Skill Intervention for Their Four Year-Old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often have delayed and poor-quality motor skills. This is concerning since a certain level of motor skill proficiency is required for children to successfully engage in active play and sport. Activities such as these provide important opportunities for learning and development. Thus, without the motor competence to engage in active play with their peers, children with ASD may miss out on opportunities to develop competencies in other domains and consequently fall further behind their peers with typical development. Research has shown that early motor skill interventions can positively influence the motor domain of children with ASD, however, the secondary effects (i.e. social benefits) of these interventions are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the secondary effects of an early motor skill intervention for children with ASD, from parents’ perspectives.

    ABOUT leanne

    I have two brothers (one older and one younger). My favourite thing to do is travel. My favourite meal of the day is dessert. If I had to live off of one food for the rest of my life I would choose Sour Keys.

  • Nancy Fynn-Sackey

    Program 

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Community, Public and Population Health

    Supervisors

    Pierre Côté, PhD and Efrosini Papaconstatinou, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Is Sleep Quality Associated with Depression Symptoms in UOIT Students?

    The World Health Organization identified depression as the leading cause of disability world-wide. Post-secondary students are among the most vulnerable populations in the development of mental illnesses such as depression. If an effort to address this problem, we need to understand the etiology and correlates of depression, especially within post-secondary students. Interestingly, another factor that students report difficulty with is sleep. Students consistently report experiencing short sleep duration, daytime sleepiness and irregular sleep schedules. This is alarming because poor sleep is associated with adverse physical, cognitive and mental health. It is important to investigate the relationship between these two variables within post-secondary students, especially since they are vulnerable to both poor sleep and depression. Few studies of this nature have been conducted specifically among Canadian post-secondary students. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate the association between sleep quality and depression symptoms among undergraduate students in the Faculty of Health Sciences and the Faculty of Education at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology. We conducted a cross-sectional study during the Fall 2017 academic semester where students completed a questionnaire package containing measurement tools related to sleep quality (PSQI) and depression symptoms (DASS-21). We found that poor sleep quality was associated with depression symptoms in our sample. Additionally, students that reported poor sleep quality were more than six times more likely to report depression symptoms compared to students that reported good sleep quality. This study can inform further research on the directionality of this relationship.

    ABOUT Nancy

    I enjoy reading and running and am learning American Sign Language.

  • Lucas Martignetti

    ProgramLucas Martignetti

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Community, Public and Population Health

    Supervisor

    Winnie Sun, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Barriers and Facilitators to Equitable Naloxone Access in Ontario

    Over the past decade, the opioid crisis in North America has continued to grow, taking the lives of  thousands of people. In 2017, there were over 1,100 accidental opiate-related deaths in Ontario alone. Around the world, programs have been planned and created to distribute the opiate overdose reversal medication known as naloxone to those at risk. Programs exist in Ontario for the distribution of naloxone, but little research has been conducted to assess the facilitators and barriers to accessing naloxone through these programs. As well, studies have found that different groups of people, such as those who are low-income or First Nations individuals, are more likely than others to experience opiate-related harms. To understand what the facilitators and barriers to equitable naloxone access in Ontario are, stakeholders of these naloxone programs will be interviewed. Stakeholders include public health nurses, physicians, pharmacists, administrators and clients of Ontario's naloxone programs.

    ABOUT Lucas

    I love to read.

  • Beheshta Momand

    ProgramBeheshta Momand

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Community, Public and Population Health

    Supervisor

    David Rudoler, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Access to Team-Based Care and Polypharmacy in Seniors (aged 65 and older)

    Taking an excessive amount of medications (i.e. five or more), referred to as polypharmacy, and inappropriate medications can lead to adverse health consequences (Wu, Bell, Wodchis, 2012). Inappropriate medication can lead to poor health concerns such as hospitalization or long-term care and consequently increase the burden on the health-care system (Fialová & Onder, 2009). Ontario sought to improve medication management and access to care through the implementation of the team-based practice called Family Health Teams (FHTs). FHTs are primary health-care organizations that include a team of family physicians, nurse practitioners, dietitians and social workers who work collectively to provide care to their communities. The purpose of this research will be to evaluate the effectiveness of team-based primary care in Ontario and find solutions for improvements in polypharmacy and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in seniors. 

    In previous years, few studies have considered the various approaches that team-based care has on medication management, and the mechanism used to improve medication management and outcomes associated (Zelko, Klemenc-Ketis, Tusek-Bunc, 2016). Medication management, in theory, should help improve the rates of polypharmacy and ADRs in seniors 65 and older who have access to team-based care. Since team-based care consists of primary care physicians and interdisciplinary providers, it should help seniors manage their medication untimely decreasing polypharmacy. My proposed research will investigate if there is a relationship between seniors 65 and older in Ontario who have access to different primary care models, polypharmacy and adverse drug reactions.

    ABOUT beheshta

    I have several hobbies such as photography, reading, hiking, playing volleyball and spending time with family.

  • Adam Murphy

    ProgramAdam Murphy

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisor

    Nicholas La Delfa, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Factors Directly Affecting Maximal Pitch Velocity

    The biomechanics of baseball pitching have been studied for close to 50 years. The “pitch” in baseball has been qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed from the windup to the release of a pitch. In present-day research, those in the baseball performance industry are investigating ways to increase maximum pitch velocity. Predictors of pitch velocity specifically researched in the field of baseball pitching are range of motion, strength, pitch velocity and co-contraction of shoulder stabilizers. 

    These predictors are often researched in isolation from other variables and this is where the knowledge gap lies. In our research study we are looking to work with baseball pitcher participants. The research question is: In elite level baseball pitchers, does strength, flexibility, or co-contraction ratio significantly impact maximal pitch velocity at baseline? The term baseline means that no intervention or treatment has been implemented to affect participants. Therefore, participants are not prepared or at an advantage compared to others in this research project.

    ABOUT Adam

    I was born and raised in Markham, Ontario. I am a licensed chiropractor practicing in Markham. I enjoy playing hockey, working out and solving puzzles. I have a twin brother who is the same age as me.

  • Shirley Quach

    ProgramShirley Quach

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Community, Public and Population Health

    Supervisor

    Mika Nonoyama, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Unifying Respiratory Treatments in Children across Canada

    Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a form of life support therapy used to assist patients’ breathing when they are unable to. Given their importance in the medical field, there is limited data on the topic of pediatric MV management and the standardized practice. Pediatric MV management varies across centres, and most practices evolve from neonatal or adult guidelines and personal experience. Protocols and guidelines are available, but compliance is not always evident and may lead to adverse events. Proper MV management is crucial as there have been reported studies that, consistent MV practices can improve clinical outcomes. The European Society of Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC), comprising of European physicians, published a consensus guideline of 142 recommendations on pediatric MV management. In Canada, respiratory therapists are the experts in MV, but in Europe, they do not exist. It would be of interest to determine the acceptability of the recommendations based on Canadian respiratory therapists’ and physicians’ experience across different pediatric critical care centres. A Classic Delphi Survey will be used to determine the consensus on pediatric MV recommendations. Participants will be asked to provide feedback on the recommendations by ESPNIC through a series of iterative rounds, where feedback will be welcomed first by open text form, and following, using a five-point Likert scale. The goal is to determine the Canadian RRT and physicians’ consensus on pediatric MV management. This investigation can expedite the standardization of pediatric MV in Canada, facilitating future research by minimizing confounders and improving clinical impacts.

    ABOUT Shirley

    I am a working registered respiratory therapist in the GTA, providing acute respiratory care to the neonatal, pediatric and adult populations. In my free time, I enjoy spending time with my two corgis in the city. 

  • Tayler Runge

    Program

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisor

    Meghann Lloyd, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    Impact of Physical Activity on Sleep Habits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Exploring the impact of a physical activity intervention on sleep habits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) between the ages of 7 and 10.

    ABOUT Tayler

    I was born in Barrie, Ontario. I have recently begun making quilts.

  • Matthew Russell

    ProgramMatthew Russell

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisors

    Nicholas La Delfa, PhD and Bernadette Murphy, DC, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    How Neck Fatigue Impairs Shoulder Accuracy

    Proprioception is the body’s ability to unconsciously perceive its own movement and relative spatial orientation resulting from stimuli within the body itself. In humans, there are two main complexes which contribute to healthy proprioceptive functioning. One is the vestibular apparatus: a fluid filled structure located in the inner ear which can detect the body’s orientation to gravity. Awareness of joint position sense of individual joints is signaled by muscle spindles, Golgi tendon organs (GTO’s) and joint capsules.

    There are a number of factors that affect the accuracy of local proprioception at a specific joint, also known as joint position sense (JPS). Abberant shoulder movement patterns will affect one-third of the entire population within their lifetime, and even higher projections of incidence in workplace populations. If we can better measure shoulder proprioception, we can integrate this knowledge into future ergonomics interventions. 

    We will test the effects of neck muscle fatigue on shoulder proprioception by using a joint angle re-creation experiment, similar to experiments used by Zabihhosseinian et al. (2015) and others. This experiment requires the participant to familiarize themselves with the device in order to achieve stable baseline data before the effects of an altering stimulus can be observed. With neck fatigue being our stimulus, we can effectively compare shoulder proprioception via joint angle recreation and compare measures of absolute, variable and constant error before and after fatigue is applied to the participant.

    ABOUT Matthew

    I love non-conventional ways of exercise, such as break dancing. It allows me to get physically active with a sense of entertainment. I also enjoy playing the guitar because it’s a great way to relax and get creative. I love finding new challenges and motivating myself to master them.

  • Praveen Sanmugananthan

    Program

    Health Sciences (MHSc) - Kinesiology

    Supervisor

    Paul Yielder, PhD

    3MT® PRESENTATION

    The Effect of Sub-Clinical Neck Pain on Upper Limb Aiming

    Research has shown that individuals with Sub-Clinical Neck Pain (SCNP) have impaired proprioception (Haavik & Murphy, 2011). This has been elucidated by studies showing that those with SCNP have an impaired ability to sense elbow joint position (JPS), relative to controls (Haavik & Murphy, 2011). Reaching is a movement in which limb proprioception plays a major role, as it is imperative that one is able to sense the relative position of a limb in space in order to reach and grasp objects. Therefore, one could hypothesize that individuals with SCNP should have impaired reaching ability in regards to goal-oriented tasks. In addition, it is well documented that those with SCNP have impaired cerebellar output (Baarbé et al., 2018). This is significant as studies have shown that the cerebellum plays a role in both feedback and feed-forward processing (Mosconi et al., 2015). Impaired proprioception in conjunction with impaired cerebellar output should result in differences in reaching/aiming movements in those with SCNP compared to healthy controls.

    ABOUT praveen

    I am a competitive squash player and enjoy making music during my free time.

  • Khyati Vyas